One of our members drew my attention to an article on The article was a factual piece, however, a reply to the article was made in the comments section that completely missed the point as to what aphantasia is.

For myself to define a condition, that as of yet has not been defined by science would be presumptuous and ill advised. I can only speak from my perspective, and any scientific basis must not just rely on one persons experience or feelings. However, I feel I am well placed to offer some explanations on the topic, to offer some light in an otherwise dark space.

A comment posted to the article linked above read "If someone had no mind's eye, she would have no awareness of herself, no self-consciousness.". To counter this point I feel I have to approach it from two angles, firstly, your self awareness, your morality, your understanding of yourself is not linked to your ability to visualise. I developed as person by experiencing the world around me, making mistakes, being corrected, learning, developing and shaping into who I am. My ability to be self aware has not been reduced by aphantasia, it could be argued it may have helped me.

Secondly, self-awareness isn't defined by your ability to reflect visually. An article on the BBC website from 2009 (link) reported findings into how 'self-awareness is a big problem for people with autism'. Now, while this may not be true for all people with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder), some people with Autism who do struggle with self-awareness are able to have photo realistic memory (link). 

To believe that a lack of visual imagination would impact on your ability to have self-awareness is plainly foolish. I would wager that this belief is not held by the majority of people when they try to understand aphantasia, however, without clear answers, we are left in a position where people can hypothesise, often incorrectly.

Look at it this way, as a man I can't experience giving birth, however, I can ask a woman how she experienced it, but that doesn't allow me to understand what is was like emotionally or physically, no amount of visual imagination is going to enable me to relive her experience. Aphantasia and the inability to visualise isn't the cause of inherent limitations in our ability to experience in our mind. A phrase often said in reply when a man asks a woman about childbirth is "You couldn't imagine!" Certain things just aren't possible to imagine even if you don't have aphantasia. So to link aphantasia to a persons inability to be self-aware is foolish, the two things aren't linked, my lack of a visual imagination isn't a disability but a different way of being.

The well known phrase "I think, therefore I am" (link), is a clear example of how being able to visualise isn't linked to who you are or your ability to reflect or be self-aware. The fuller phrase is "I doubt, therefore I think, therefore I am" and this further demonstrates that aphantasia isn't linked to your 'self'. I don't need synthesised imagery in my mind to have thought, I can think, I just can't see what I think.


It has also been asked, "how can you be creative if you can't visualise?". The two aren't linked, I have written this article without visualising, I have built structures, designed my garden, designed websites all without a minds eye. As people with aphantasia are in the minority, we have to relate to the way we experience life as different, and as such our individual way of functioning without a minds eye will vary between individuals.

For myself, creativity is done piece by piece, I know what my end goal is, I can't see it, but I know what I am aiming for. Let's use an example of building a tree house, I know that a tree house is a room, raised above the ground. I intend to build a free standing structure, so it will need to have legs, now at this point I would think about physics and centre of mass of the structure and how that would relate to my design. Even being able to visualise wouldn't mean that you could build a good structure. My lack of a fixed design in my mind enables me to quickly adapt to any problems I face along the way, without feeling I am diverting from my "vision".


Aphantasia isn't a disability, it is a different way of experiencing. I remember experiences from my childhood, but I can't see them. My life isn't less of a life because I can't see my past in my mind, we live in an era when a camera is available on almost any device you can think of, so I have my own ways of recording visual memories, I take pictures.

I am still a person, I am self-aware, to be self-aware is to reflect on yourself in an environment full of other individuals. The person who wrote that comment on the article has demonstrated their lack of self awareness. Their words were hurtful to some of our members and their ability to visualise or not visualise has had no impact on their path to who they are.


Aphantasia is an inability to synthesise certain things in our mind, it isn't a precursor to defining your morality and self-awareness.


Please interact with this article below.

Log in to comment

Posted: 3 years 3 weeks ago by Aybrow #3373
Aybrow's Avatar
Well said! I am gaining empathy for people with genuine disabilities by the minute. So I am not self aware? And not creative? This is laugh-aloud ridiculous but also, as you say, scary.
Posted: 3 years 1 month ago by Paul TAT #3023
Paul TAT's Avatar
reading all the posts by the one who posted, it seems to me that the fellow has aphantasia himself, but that he sees the experience of aphantasia as normal awareness and minds eye...and that he sees the minds eye as we see it with folks actually visualizing int heir heads as halucination...?

this is just what I think reading all the posts...:/
Posted: 3 years 4 months ago by SD #2549
SD's Avatar
Almost every article I read about Aphantasia contains a strange claim or assumption by the author or commenters. But no self-awareness? That is really off the deep end and a bit scary, actually. It sounds like we are the subjects of speculation in an animal study.

We are really in the Wild West era of Aphantasia awareness.

I guess the one insight we can gain from the self-awareness comment is how closely visualizers connect their ability to visualize to their sense of self.
Posted: 3 years 6 months ago by sdegenov #2193
sdegenov's Avatar
This says it all, in a conceptual way. I have strengths in perception and creativity that I always thought were I wonder, are these strengths actually a result of re-wiring (read: compensation) for the aphantasia. Hmmm
Posted: 3 years 9 months ago by Thomas #1552
Thomas's Avatar
Our first proper article
Posted: 3 years 9 months ago by Nathan Buzby #1541
Nathan Buzby's Avatar
Great article Thomas.
Posted: 3 years 9 months ago by phoenixmoon #1514
phoenixmoon's Avatar
great article and thoughts need to try to get some of these websites to publish it